On March 29, 2017 the Field Crops Pathology Team observed the first signs of stripe rust in Wisconsin for the 2017 field season. Plots were located in the Wisconsin Winter Wheat variety trial in Sharon, Wisconsin. A sample was brought back to the Field Crops Pathology lab and placed on water agar to test for spore viability. The red arrow in figure 1 points toward a germ tube extending from the base of a urediniospore, indicating a viable spore. Very low levels of disease incidence and severity were detected in the plots scouted (Fig. 2 and 3). It is speculated that the pathogen that causes stripe rust overwintered on wheat leaves that remained green through the winter of 2016/2017. These same plots were scouted and confirmed to have active stripe rust infection this past fall (Fall 2016). However, application of fungicide was not recommended because stripe rust typically does not overwinter in the northern U.S. To our knowledge this is the first time that overwintering of the stripe rust fungus has been observed in Wisconsin winter wheat fields and is likely due to the mild winter season.